The Inner Workings of Solar Energy

Welcome to Supreme Solar’s comprehensive guide to understanding how solar systems work. In this blog post, we will delve into the fascinating world of solar energy, demystifying the concepts and processes involved. By the end, you will have a solid grasp of the inner workings of solar systems, empowering you to make informed decisions and harness the full potential of solar energy. Let’s embark on this enlightening journey together.

Solar System Basics

At the heart of every solar system are solar panels, inverters, and the electrical panel. Solar panels are workhorses that capture sunlight and generate electricity. Inverters play a vital role in converting the direct current (DC) produced by solar panels into alternating current (AC), which is the type of electricity used in homes and businesses. Finally, the electrical panel acts as the control center, directing the AC power throughout the building’s circuits.

Determining Energy Consumption and System Sizing

To design an efficient solar system, it is crucial to assess the energy consumption of a property. By calculating or estimating the power usage based on appliances and historical data, we can determine the appropriate size of the solar system required to offset 100% of the energy consumption. Factors like roof direction, shade reports, and sun exposure are carefully considered during the system sizing process to maximize energy production.

Solar Panel Installation

Once the system size is determined, it’s time for the installation phase. Whether it’s rooftop panels or ground-mounted systems, our expert technicians ensure precise placement for optimal sun exposure. Utilizing cutting-edge software, we identify the best areas for panel installation, taking into account the unique characteristics of each property.

Panel Wattage and Power Generation

Supreme Solar installs high-quality solar panels with a wattage range of 360 to 400 watts per panel. These panels harness the power of sunlight and generate direct current (DC) electricity. With advancements in technology, we can achieve greater power output and efficiency, allowing our customers to maximize the benefits of solar energy.

Understanding Electricity Types and Inverters

To fully comprehend how solar systems work, it’s important to distinguish between direct current (DC) and alternating current (AC) electricity. While DC flows in one direction, AC constantly changes direction. To convert the DC power generated by solar panels into usable AC power, we employ two types of inverters: central inverters and micro-inverters. Central inverters handle large amounts of power at a central location, while microinverters are installed behind each solar panel for enhanced efficiency and flexibility.

Power Distribution and the Electrical Panel

Once the solar panels have converted the DC power to AC, it is directed to the electrical panel. The electrical panel, located on the side of the building, serves as the hub for all electrical circuits. It controls the flow of electricity throughout the premises, ensuring that the solar-generated AC power is properly distributed to meet the building’s energy demands.

Energy Exchange with the Utility

During daylight hours, excess solar power can be sent back to the utility company through a process known as net metering. This allows homeowners to receive credits for the surplus electricity they generate. Net metering not only promotes energy independence but can also lead to substantial financial savings, making solar energy an attractive investment for the future.


Congratulations on completing this comprehensive guide to understanding how solar systems work. We hope that this knowledge empowers you to make informed decisions regarding solar energy solutions. At Supreme Solar, we are committed to helping you harness the full potential of solar power. By leveraging the sun’s energy, we can create a sustainable future while saving money on utility bills. Take the first step toward a greener tomorrow and join the solar revolution today.

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